learners’ characteristics

level of learning

1 bloom’s taxonomy

-         in 1956

-         Dr Benjamin bloom a new vision of teaching now called bloom taxonomy

o   Aim: - which focused on

      Understanding / concept

      Analysis / principle

      Evaluating contently principle procedure / procedure


Bloom taxonomy also known as KSA (3 domains of learning)

1)    Cognitive domain – focus on knowledge

2)    Psychomotor domain – focus on skills

3)    Affective domain – focus on attitude

 Cognitive domain contain 6 sub category: -

          Arrange from simple to complex

1)    Knowledge

2)    Comprehension                     law order thinking skill

3)    Application

4)    Analysis

5)    Synthesis                      high order thinking skill

6)    Evaluation            

 -         Cognitive domain was involved by revised by Lorina Anderson and Devid krath wohl in 2001

1)    New version involved by

1)    Remembering

2)    Understanding

3)    Applying

4)    Analyzing

5)    Evaluating

6)    Creating

-         Affective domain: - krath wohl

Concerned with feeling & emotion

Arrange = simple to co-plex

1)    Receiving

2)    Responding

3)    Valuing

4)    Organization

5)    Characterization

 -         Psychomotor Domain also called kinesthetic domain  

It relate to nature / autonomic responses or reflexes.

There are different models of psychomotor domain:

1)    Perception set

2)    Quidded response

3)    Complex

4)    Over response

5)    Adaptation

6)    Orientation

7)    Mechanism

 Gagne’s nine levels of learning 

It Gagne’s 9 condition of learning.

-         In his book the conditions of learning identified the following mental condition essential for effective learning

1)    Reception: - gain attention of student voice modulation; gestures short introductory video hand out etc. can be used for this purpose.

2)    Expectancy: - inform them about what she wish to teach and she can develop intrest among the students

3)    Retrieval: - relate the new information with in an effective way and easy – to understand manner using different methods and aids depending on the needs and level of students.

Semantic encoding: -

                   Help student to learn and retain new information by use of examples / case study / story telling.

-         Responding: at this stage students can demonstrate what they learn.

-         Reinforcement: take a feed base & reinforce clearing doubts and helping in retaining new information.

-         Retrieval: assess their performance through some test.

-         Generalization: students should apply what they have learnt to new situation and conditions then with practice they will able to generalize it.


                    Assimilating & implementing


          Listening & reading

                                 Level of learning (re-plified)

Individual differences among learners

In the case of learning “one size fits all not true”

1)    Intelligence: different levels = their intelligence

It can affect their ability to grasp content. Some get quality but others not.

It also affect the ability to remember / recall / reinforce.

2)    Aptitude: ability to do something

Learners aptitude affect his performance

-         Higher level of aptitude = better performance in learning & retaining

-         It also related to critical thinking of learners

3)    Age = affect curiosity to learn.

Like more – we older our curiosity level decriers.

4)    Motivation: every learners have different motivation

                                                             i.      It could be desire of employment.

                                                           ii.      Better salary

                                                        iii.      Hobby

                                                        iv.      Fulfilling parent wish

5)    Personality: his interaction with others dipped his personality.

Different – personality of learners also impact to ability to 

6)    Prior knowledge.

He doesn’t know basic

                        So how can he understand the whole calculation or subject ce under this principle


 7)    Learning style: every learners have different style.

some need complete silence / other need music to concentrate
some better with discussion / while others alone
some on e-book others on text book

8)    Attitude: positive attitude help learning effectively
different as //// of attitude:

            i.   Internet 

           ii.  Open-mindedness  

          iii. Cheerfulness 

          iv. Prejudice 

           v.  Affection                                                                                    

Help in shaping personalize 

9)    Environment:

1.    Some can learn better in groups

2.    Others can learn better in library etc

10)                      Health: - the health of the learner influences his ability to learn & recall

eg: poor right sight   can sealed lit raw.

 In teacher – centered = “one size fits all”

In learner – centered = the individual needs & difference of students are addressed.

Student have the option to learner per their comfort level.

Samskrithi's Teaching Aptitude Notes Link Given Below 

    For Part -01 Notes  - Click Here

For  Part -02 Notes - Click Here 

For Part -03 Notes  - Click Here

For Part -04 Notes - Click Here 

For Part -05 Notes  - Click Here

For Next Page Part -07 Notes - Click Here (Upload Soon )