Teaching Aptitude 

         Practice Notes for UGC NET  Kerala SET & Other Exams  

Teaching is one of the tools of education, and it is a specific activity to impart understanding and skills. The main function of teaching is to make learning effective. The learning process is completed as a result of teaching. Therefore, teaching and learning are closely related.

Teaching definition-

(1)Bingham – “teaching aptitude is a specific ability, potentiality, interest, satisfaction and fitness in teaching profession”.

(2) H C Morrison:- Teaching is an intimate contact between the more mature personality and a less mature one.

(3) Jackson:- Teaching is a face to face encounters between two or more persons, one of whom ( teacher) intends to effect certain changes in the other participants ( students).

(4) J B Hough and James K Duncan:- Teaching is an activity with four phases, a curriculum planning phase, an instructing phase, and an evaluating phase. This definition presents the organizational aspect by which we can describe and analyze the teaching process.

(5) N.L. Gage (Democratic point of view):- Teaching is interpersonal influence aimed at changing the behavior potential of another person.

(6) Clerk:- Teaching refers to activities that are designed and performed to produce in students behavior

(7) Smith:- (1947)”considered teaching as a tripolar process involving 

(i) agent or source producing learning which may be human or material; 

(ii) a goal or target to be achieved; 

(iii) the intervening variables consisting of learning or teaching situation; involving human or physical conditions and instructional methods”.

(8) Amidon (1967) ” Teaching as a process of interaction between the teacher and the taught as a cooperative enterprise, as a two-way traffic”.

The Nature and Characteristics of Teaching:

Teaching is a social and cultural process that allows people to learn something new in their lives.

Main Nature and Characteristics of Teaching given below 

Teaching is a wholly social process.

Teaching is done by and for society. With changing social concepts, the exact and fixed nature of teaching cannot be described.

Teaching provides information

Teaching tells students about things they need to know and do, which they cannot discover on their own. Communication of knowledge is an integral part of teaching.

Teaching is an interactive process.

Teaching is an interactive process between the student and the teaching resources, which is essential for the guidance, progress, and development of the students.


Process of development and learning.

changes behavior.

Face to face encounter.

Observable, measurable and modifiable.

Skilled Profession

Art to give knowledge to students with effective way.

Facilitates learning

Conscious and unconscious process.

Help student to adjust himself in society and its environment.

Art as well as Science. 

Science to educate fact and causes of different) topics of different subjects.

Formal as well as informal 

Communication of information to students

The objectives of Teaching 

A good goal should be specific, result-oriented, and measurable. At the end of instruction, teaching and learning objectives should be integrated. 

To bring about the desired changes in the attitude of the students. 

To shape behaviour and behavior.

Knowledge acquisition

To improve students' learning skills.

Formation of trust and belief

To be a social and efficient member of society.

Teaching General Objectives

The classification of the general aims of teaching in terms of school subjects is not sufficient to explain the ultimate ends of education. They include the promotion of a well-integrated individual capable of playing a responsible and active role in society. 
With such a purpose in mind, one can gain further insight by opting for a psychological analysis of goals regarding intellectual skills and social insights  the learning of practical active skills  and the development of emotions. 
Attitudes and values Cognitive development, with the acquisition of early language and numeracy skills, begins at the infant school level and continues to dominate education through the secondary and higher levels. 
But the learner is more than an expanding repository of information. With that acquisition comes the power to generalize, abstract, infer, interpret, explain, apply, and create. Cognitive training creates a thinker-observer, aware of the patterns of thought and judgement that shape human intellectual activity.
 In the final stage, the teacher aims to be a thinker, critic, organizer, and creator. 

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