HSST -Exam 2022 General Part- Trial notes 

Other Constitutional Authorities 

Some of the most important constitutional authority of India are: 

1. Comptroller and Auditor General, 

2. Election Commission, 

3. Finance Commission,

4. Planning Commission, 

5. National Development Council 

1. Comptroller and Auditor General: One of the important constitutional authorities in India is Comptroller and Auditor General (hereafter only CAG) of India. Chapter V of our Constitution (Art 148) makes the following announcement. There shall be a Comptroller and Auditor General of India who shall be appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal and shall only be removed from office in like manner and on the like grounds as a judge of the Supreme Court.

Sample Notes for HSST General 

c) By Agreement between States (Art. 252) 

The Parliament can also legislate on a State subject if the legislatures of two or more states resolve that it is lawful of Parliament to make laws with respect to any matter enumerated in the State List relating to those State. Thereafter, any act passed by the Parliament shall apply to such states and to any other state which passes such a resolution. The Parliament also reserves the right to amend or repeal any such act.

Module X (a)



Introduction to English education - 

various missionary organisations and their functioningfounding of educational institutions, factories, printing press etc. Introduction to English Education in Kerala English education was introduced in Kerala after the arrival of British with the help of missionaries.The policy of education to all irrespective of caste and religion was flagged off in Kerala with the educational programs of the missionaries. Dr. Burnadeen Bachinelli, Rev. Meed, Dowsen and Rev. Habeeque were the missionaries who led education programs in Kerala. The rulers of Kochi and Travancore granted land to the missionaries to start educational institutions. The contribution of Catholic priests and nuns were keen on providing education to all sections of the society and on the strengthening of women, irrespective of discrimination.


(A) Socio-Religious reform Movements

 SNDP Yogam, Nair Service Society, Yogakshema Sabha, Sadhu Jana Paripalana Sangham, VaalaSamudaya Parishkarani Sabha, Samathwa Samajam, Islam Dharma Paripalana Sangham, Prathyaksha Raksha Daiva Sabha, Sahodara Prasthanam etc.

HSST Sample Notes 



Guru’s Vision of SNDP YOGAM 

“Guru’s Vision about the community as global community of the human family.” 

SNDP Yogam Formed on 15th May 1903. First President: Sree Narayana Guru. First General Secretary: Kumaran Asan Type: Joint Stock Company


Yogam was formed with the guidance of Guru and materials powered by Dr. Palpu (great devotee of Gurudevan). Kumaranasan and Dr. Palpu convened a meeting in Kamalalayam Bunglow,in Trivandrum prominent leaders in various parts of Kerala attended the meeting ,was presided by Gurudevan. This meeting was transformed to the Varoothu Sangham of Aruvippuram into SNDP Yogam. SNDP Yogam proves the Guru’s Golden words “Become enlightened, through Education and Strength through Organization”. SNDP Yogam powered the unorganized and uncivilized back ward classes and enlightened the power of education, organizational strength, and unity and lives like a human being.

(B) Struggles and Social Revolts

 The Channar Revolt

In nineteenth-century Travancore, it was a socially acceptable norm for women to be seen naked from waist up in public places. Higher caste women like the Nairs (Savarna) were expected to bare their upper bodies only in temples in front of priests, who were considered an authority of god.

But lower caste women (Avarna), the toddy tapping Shanars or Nadars being an example, were not allowed to wear a cloth over their breasts in public. As a matter of fact, baring your breasts in front of members of the higher caste was seen as a display of respect. If any woman disagreed with the practise, they were obliged to pay a ‘breast tax’ or Mula Karam whose amount was determined, quite sickeningly, by the size of their breasts.

Sample Notes HSST Exam-2022 General Part Notes 

 Guruvayur Satyagraha

Guruvayur Satyagraha took place in (1931–32) and was a Satyagraha (non-violent protest) in present Thrissur district, which was then part of Ponnani Taluk of Malabar district, now part of Kerala, which was an effort to allow entry for untouchables into the Guruvayur Temple. It was led by K. Kelappan, who undertook a hunger strike for 12 days, until 

Moplah Rebellion of 1921 

Muslims had arrived in Kerala in the 7 th century AD as traders via the Arabian Sea even before north India was invaded by Muslim armies from the west.

They were given permission to carry on trade and settle by the native rulers. Many of them married local women and their descendants came to be called Moplahs (which means son-in-law in Malayalam). 

Before Tipu Sultan’s attack on Malabar, in the traditional land system in Malabar, the Jenmi or the landlord held the land which was let out to others for farming. There were mainly three hierarchical levels of ownership including the cultivator, and each of them took a share of the produce.

HSST General Part-2022 Trial Notes Part03-Click Here