Kerala HSST Exam -2022 Practice /English Subject Notes /Part-02

The Canterbury Tales

       Based on Boccaccio’s Decameron

       Collection of 24 stories presented as part of a story-telling contest by a group of pilgrims as they travel together from London to Canterbury to visit the shrine of Saint Thomas Becket at Canterbury Cathedral.

       More than 17000 Lines

       Written in Middle English between 1387 and 1400.

       Begins with Knight’s Tale, ends with Parson’s (prose treatise)

       23 pilgrims tell stories.

       Chaucer tells two stories. Tale of Sir Thopas and Tale of Melibeus (prose)

       Total 3 stories are in Prose(Chaucer’s two and Parsons’s One)

       Supposed to tell 120 stories.

       The Canterbury Tales ends with a “Retraction”, Chaucer’s apology for the vulgar and unworthy parts of this book, as well as previous works

General Prologue to the Canterbury Tales(1387)

       Portrait gallery of 14th c. England

       The narrator opens the General Prologue with a description of the   return of spring.

       Written in Heroic Couplet( Rhyming Couplet)

       29 pilgrims meet at Tabard Inn, Southwark (total pilgrims are 31 including poet Chaucer & Harry Bailey who is the inn keeper)

       Pilgrims are going to visit the Shrine of St Thomas Becket In Canterbury who was killed in 1170. Pilgrims are also known as Palmers

       TS Eliot’s verse play Murder in the Cathedral (1935)is written about the martyrdom of St Thomas Becket

       Pen-pictures of 21 pilgrims

       858 lines in total       

  Tales in General Prologue

  • 1  The Knight’s Tale

    2.     The Miller’s tale

    3.     The Reeve’s Tale

    4.     The Cook’s Tale

    5.     The Man of Law’s Tale

    6.     The Wife of Bath’s Tale

    7.     The Friar’s Tale

    8.     The Summoner’s Tale

    9.     The Clerk’s Tale

    10.    The Merchant’s Tale

    11.    The Squire’s Tale

    12.     The Franklin’s Tale

    13.     The Doctor’s Tale

    14.     The Pardoner’s Tale

    15.     The Shipman’s Tale

    16.     The Prioress’s Tale

    17.     Chaucer’s Tale of Sir Thopas

    18.     Chaucer’s Tale of Meliboeus

    19.     The Monk’s Tale

    20.     The Nun’s Priest’s Tale

    21.     The Second Nun’s Tale

    22.     The Canon’s Yeoman’s Tale

    23.     The Manciple’s Tale

  • 24.     The Parson’s Tale 

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